Modules - Blended Learning Course: Climate Change, Disaster and Displacement with gender and human rights based approach.

Introduction to the course

This will be a one hour live session through zoom. Participants will be getting know each other, and introduced get familiarize with the learning management system.

Module 1. (Mandatory) Understanding Human Rights-Based Approach                                                                                                                                                                       

This module introduces non-lawyers working in the field of disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation to the international system for the protection of human rights. This document briefly summarizes core elements of a rights-based approach including gender equality. summary reflects the four elements of a rights-based and gender-responsive approach.

Module 2. (Optional) Political Ecology of Climate Change, Disaster and Displacement: Insights for Human Rights-Based Approach                                                                          

This module will critically examine the distinctions between disasters and natural hazard and how disasters are actually not “natural” but socially-produced by not being adequately prepared to prevent or mitigate the impacts of natural hazards. This modules draws on the conceptual lens of political ecology, and its implications for understanding and responding to climate change and displacement. . The module will use the human rights-based approach as a cross-cutting issue in this context. It will first introduce terminology on hazard, vulnerability, disaster, risk, and uncertainty to help explain how a natural hazard, such as an earthquake, drought, or flood, becomes a societal disaster. We will discuss how the politics of hazard and risk have consequences for social justice, paying attention to the role of state, civil society, community members and international organizations. This chapter will address the power relations that relate them, and how ‘development policy’ decisions produce and distribute risk of disaster. The module will then focus on the implications for climate change and various types of disaster-related displacement, including in terms of its politics and implications for social justice.

Module 3. (Mandatory) Human Rights Climate Change and Disaster Induced Displacement: Interrelatedness, Challenges and Impacts on Vulnerable Group in the Asia Pacific 

Climate change has adversely affected human lives. Though surely far-reaching, the effects of climate change is uneven across populations — some are more vulnerable than others due to certain positionalities. These include timing, geography, gender, economic and political status, religion, and indigeneity, among others. This situation led to the “widespread recognition that the impacts of climate change adversely affect the enjoyment of [Human Rights]. There is also increasing focus on understanding the connection between climate change and human mobility, and the role [human rights] law plays in addressing this connection.”This modules outlines, in broad strokes, the manner by which the consequences of climate change affect peoples’ enjoyment and/or exercise of their recognized rights under international law. First, it will discuss the relationship between the physical environment and human rights. Second, it will briefly introduce the participants to the International Human Rights regime and how the same addresses the adverse human rights situations brought about by climate change. Finally, it will highlight the gaps in international law as it pertains to climate-induced displacement and relocation.

Module 4. (Optional) Global Policy, Laws and Key International Standards on Climate Change, Disaster and Displacement                                                                                        

This module will discuss the global initiatives in tackling climate and disaster induced displacement. Along with displacement related key international laws and standards, the participants also informed about the relationship between disaster, displacement and SDGs.  

Module 5. (Mandatory) The role of national law and policy in addressing displacement in the context of disasters and climate change in Asia and the Pacific.                        

Displacement is a human rights issue. It has direct implications to the enjoyment of human rights, and disproportionately affects people living in exposed and vulnerable social conditions. The global community has set the effort by providing key international standards, but only provide significant impact if it is integrated into domestic legal and policy frameworks. In this live session, participants will discuss why it is important to integrate human rights approach into domestic legal and policy networks, and how the situations in Asia Pacific looks like. Drawing from extensive research on Disaster Displacement, this session will invite two experts to discuss the topics: Mathew Scott* (RWI) and Albert Salamanca* (SEI).

Module 6. (Optional) Prevention and Preparedness of Displacement in DRR and CCA                                                                                                                                                  

Why prevention is important and how we are assessing a disaster and climate change risks with gender and human rights approach? This particular module will discuss different measures for preventive and preparedness actions for displacement in DRR and CCAM context with gender and human rights lens. As introductory course, this module will focusing on understanding disaster risk, disaster risk management and Climate change adaptation and its impact to human rights and displacement,

Module 7. (Optional) Rights and Protection and During and Throughout Displacement                                                                                                                                            

This module will focus on protection of internally displaced persons (IDPs) during evacuation and throughout the displacement cycle. It will discuss how human rights and gender perspective should be mainstreamed in the process of evacuation and in the management of camps. This module will particularly highlight how women and other vulnerable groups (children, minority, older person, LGBTI) can be protected during evacuation and when they are in the emergency camp. This module will also discuss best practices, challenges, and lessons learned from countries across Asia in providing protection during evacuation and throughout displacement that conforms with human rights principles and key international standards.

Module 8. (Optional) Urban Displacement and Rights of Climate-induced Internally Displaced Persons.                                                                                                                        

In the context of climate change and disaster, rural urban migration is either perceived as failure to adaptation or as a major problem of sustainable urban development. This module attempts to introduce the participants into the literature of rapid urbanisation treads in developing countries, extent of climate induced rural urban internal migration in those countries, experience of climate change, urbanisation and migration policies in addressing the needs of rapidly urbanized locations and their inhabitants in attaining sustainable development.

Module 9. (Optional) Displacement and Covid-19 as New Challenges                                                                                                                                                                         

This module discusses COVID-19 and urban settlement, COVID-19 and internal displacement, COVID-19 and emergency camp management, and how the right to a healthy environment can be exercised in displacement situations in the context of COVID-19.

Module 10. (Mandatory) Action after displacement resulting from disaster and climate change: Durable Solutions, Long Term Solutions, and human-centered Policy                  

This module will start by discussing the durable solution as an action after displacement, what is durable solutions and why it is important. The module then invites students to consider long-term aspects and sustainable solutions for dealing with climate change refugees, incorporating a human rights based approach including recognizing the agency of the people and local community involved. It aims to go beyond notions of vulnerability, seeing people as an agents of change, as well as enhancing policy designs that puts humans at the centre, which will help communities in the long-run.        

This module design as a live session inviting experts from the regions to discuss durable and long term solutions post displacement. Students will be discuss the challenges and opportunities in implementing durable solutions.