Pathways to a Just and Fair Adaptation: A Rights-based Approach to National Adaptation Plans
This discussion brief on integrating a rights-based approach into national adaptation plans was prepared for RWI Asia and the Pacific Office by Victor Bernard, Albert Salamanca, and Nicole Anschell.

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Pathways to a Just and Fair Adaptation - A Rights-based Approach to National Adaptation Plans.pdf 7.52 MB

Countries have generally not included human rights considerations in their national adaptation plans (NAPs) submitted to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).


This discussion brief, Pathways to a Just and Fair Adaptation, presents a concise overview of the linkages between climate change and human rights, and describes how countries can adopt elements of a rights-based approach in their strategies to adapt to climate change. These elements are: 1) governance and structures; 2) fundamental rights and equality; 3) non-discrimination; 4) access to information and participation in public decision making; 5) social norms and context; and 6) agency and empowerment.


This discussion brief marks the beginning of RWI’s research initiative on human rights and climate change adaptation, and is required reading for climate change adaptation policymakers, NAP planners, development practitioners, and business leaders on integrating a rights-based approach into climate change adaptation policies and programmes.


This brief was authored by Victor Bernard, Albert Salamanca and Nicole Anschell as a joint initiative of RWI and the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI). It should be cited as follows:

Bernard, V, Salamanca, A, Anschell, N (2021) ‘Pathways to Just and Fair Adaptation: A Rights-based Approach to National Adaptation Plans’, Raoul Wallenberg Institute of Human Rights and Humanitarian Law.